Which of the following is a key reason why international collaborations can be challenging quizlet?

Which of the following is a key reason why international collaborations can be challenging quizlet?

A key reason why international collaborations can be challenging is that language barriers and cultural differences among collaborators can complicate communication. Question : What is the main function of a Technology Transfer Office? Your answer : It helps researchers to commercialize their work.

What is the most appropriate process for research collaborators to use in determining which journal they should submit their work to?

What is the most appropriate process for determining which journal a collaborative research team should submit their work to? It should be discussed early on in the collaboration by the members of the research team.

Which of the following is most effective strategy for preventing research misconduct?

good mentoring

What are the three main goals of data lifecycle management?

Three main goals of lifecycle management of data include availability, confidentiality, and integrity, which are essential in information systems management.

Why is research misconduct harmful?

The consequences that research misconduct can have are considerable and potentially disastrous. For one, misconduct can irreparably erode trust among colleagues. It can erode trust between researchers and funding agencies, which may make it more difficult for colleagues at the same institution to receive grants.

How frequent is scientific misconduct?

Although not much is known about the prevalence of scientific misconduct, several studies with limited methods have estimated that the prevalence of scientists who have been involved in scientific misconduct ranges from 1% to 2%.

Who handles research misconduct?

Federal policy places the primary responsibility for reporting and investigating allegations of research misconduct with researchers and research institutions. Generally, the response to an allegation of research misconduct has three stages: Inquiry (to assess the facts of the allegation).

What is falsified evidence in research?

Falsification involves manipulating research materials or changing or omitting data such that research is not accurately represented when results are disseminated.

What does falsification mean?

Falsification is the act of deliberately lying about or misrepresenting something. If you write a note to your teacher excusing your absence the day before and claim it was written by your dad, that’s falsification.

What is an example of falsification?

Examples of falsification include: Presenting false transcripts or references in application for a program. Submitting work which is not your own or was written by someone else. Lying about a personal issue or illness in order to extend a deadline.

How do you know if a hypothesis is falsifiable?

A hypothesis or model is called falsifiable if it is possible to conceive of an experimental observation that disproves the idea in question. That is, one of the possible outcomes of the designed experiment must be an answer, that if obtained, would disprove the hypothesis.

What is a falsification test?

Falsification tests are statistical tests that researchers conduct to marshal evidence that their design is valid their conclusions are sound. These tests are conducted on observable implications of the assumptions necessary to draw causal inferences.

What is falsification method?

The Falsification Principle, proposed by Karl Popper, is a way of demarcating science from non-science. It suggests that for a theory to be considered scientific it must be able to be tested and conceivably proven false. For example, the hypothesis that “all swans are white,” can be falsified by observing a black swan.

How is falsification a deductive process?

Deduction involves the process of falsification. Falsification is a particular specialized aspect of hypothesis testing. It involves stating some output from theory in specific and then finding contrary cases using experiments or observations.

Is falsification part of the scientific method?

Scientists are rethinking the fundamental principle that scientific theories must make testable predictions. It’s a basic axiom of the scientific method, dubbed “falsifiability” by the 20th century philosopher of science Karl Popper.

What is falsification of documents?

Forging a signature comes under this category as does the act of altering, concealing or destroying records. Trying to alter the facts. The act of altering records is an example of document falsification, which is a white-collar crime.

What is a falsification charge?

Defending Against Falsification Charges The crime of falsification requires intentionally giving false information or affirming false information. If you did not know the information was false and you did not intentionally lie, then you are unlikely to be convicted of the offense.

Can you go to jail for false documents?

Forgery is considered a felony in all fifty states and is punishable by a range of penalties including jail or prison time, significant fines, probation, and restitution (compensating the victim for money or goods stolen as a result of the forgery).

Can you go to jail for falsification?

If you commit forgery the penalty will depend on the facts of the case. If the forgery is considered a misdemeanor then the maximum is one year in the county jail and $1,000.00 fine. If it is considered a felony then you could get 18 months, 2 years, or 3 years in state prison.

What is the difference between forgery and falsification?

As nouns the difference between forgery and falsification is that forgery is the act of forging metal into shape while falsification is the act of falsifying, or making false; a counterfeiting; the giving to a thing an appearance of something which it is not.

Which of the following is a key reason why international collaborations can be challenging quizlet?

Which of the following is a key reason why international collaborations can be challenging quizlet?

A key reason why international collaborations can be challenging is that language barriers and cultural differences among collaborators can complicate communication. Question : What is the main function of a Technology Transfer Office? Your answer : It helps researchers to commercialize their work.

Which of the following is the clearest example of a Macroethical issue quizlet?

Which of the following is the clearest example of a macroethical issue? Balancing risks and benefits from nanotechnology research. The anthropocentric viewpoint implies that: Engineers should consider how much pollution their devices create because of how human health is affected.

What are the three main goals of data lifecycle management DLM )?

Three main goals of lifecycle management of data include availability, confidentiality, and integrity, which are essential in information systems management.

Which of the following describes internal validity?

Internal validity refers to the degree of confidence that the causal relationship being tested is trustworthy and not influenced by other factors or variables. External validity refers to the extent to which results from a study can be applied (generalized) to other situations, groups or events.

Which is true inducements in research?

Inducements constitute an “undue influence” if they alter a potential subject’s decision-making processes, such that they do not appropriately weigh the risk-benefit relationship of the research. Inducements are offers that influence people to make decisions, or do things they would not otherwise do.

What is an example of an institutional COI?

Gifts, including gifts-in-kind of goods or services, from a potential sponsor (i.e., a commercial company), from a philanthropic unit of the sponsor, or from an individual affiliated with a sponsor; and.

What is COI research?

The term “conflict of interest in research” refers to situations in which financial or other personal considerations may compromise, or have the appearance of compromising a researcher’s professional judgment in conducting or reporting research.

Which of the following most accurately describes an institutional conflict of interest?

Terms in this set (6) Which of the following most accurately describes an institutional conflict of interest? It occurs when an institution’s financial or non-financial interests could interfere with its research activities. Management plans are often created to reduce the impact of conflicts of interest.

Which statement most accurately describes a conflict of conscience?

It occurs when outside activities interfere with one’s responsibilities to an employer. Which statement most accurately describes a conflict of conscience? It occurs when an individual’s personal beliefs could affect the performance or outcome of research.

Which of the following is the primary criterion for authorship quizlet?

Which of the following is the primary criterion for authorship? Having made a significant intellectual contribution to the work.

What is the main function of a technology transfer office?

Technology Transfer Offices (TTOs) manage and protect the intellectual property of a scientific organization such as a university or research organization. The TTOs facilitate commercialization of intellectual property gathered by research-based results through licensing, patenting or management of spin-off creations.

When scientific misconduct is suspected what actions should an individual take?

1. Individual report

  • Review any evidence you have to make sure you haven’t misunderstood anything.
  • Protect your evidence.
  • Report your suspicions to the appropriate authority (e.g. the RIO) and/or your mentor.
  • Consult with respected and trusted colleagues if you have doubts about reporting.
  • Maintain confidentiality.

How can research misconduct be prevented?

Strategies to Support Research Integrity

  1. Ensure policies governing academic research not only are in place, but are followed.
  2. Set standards for supervision of all testing.
  3. Enforce expectations for process rigor.
  4. Communicate expectations for accurate accounting of time spent on research activities.